Discover the unique stilt house culture of ethnic minorities in Ha Giang

Discover the unique stilt house culture of ethnic minorities in Ha Giang

Ha Giang not only attracts tourists by its majestic and poetic beauty but also by the diverse cultural identity of ethnic minorities. This place is likened to a polychrome picture with 22 ethnic groups living together, of which, more than 90% of the population are ethnic minorities. A unique highlight in that cultural picture is the stilt houses hidden among the mountains and forests. This characteristic architectural feature is not only a place to live but also a symbol of the spirit of solidarity and community cohesion of the people here.

Ha Giang not only attracts tourists by its majestic and poetic beauty but also by the diverse cultural identity of ethnic minorities. This place is likened to a polychrome picture with 22 ethnic groups living together, of which, more than 90% of the population are ethnic minorities. A unique highlight in that cultural picture is the stilt houses hidden among the mountains and forests. This characteristic architectural feature is not only a place to live but also a symbol of the spirit of solidarity and community cohesion of the people here. 

History:

Stilt houses have appeared for a long time, associated with the migration and settlement process of ethnic minorities in Ha Giang. Ha Giang Through many ups and downs in history, stilt houses still retain intact cultural values and become an indispensable  

Why do ethnic minorities in Ha Giang choose stilt houses? 

  • Climate Ha Giang: The northern mountains have a temperate monsoon climate, with cold winters and hot humid summers. Stilt houses are built higher than the ground to help avoid dampness, create better air circulation, bring a feeling of coolness in summer and warmth in winter. 

  • Terrain Ha Giang: This place has steep terrain, many rugged hills. The erection of stilt houses helps to make the most of the land area, while minimizing the risk of landslides and floods, ensuring the safety of people and property. 

  • Security Ha Giang: Thanks to its tall design, the stilt house acts as a fortress, helping to protect people and property the attack of wild beasts and enemies, bringing peace of mind to life.

Architecture and characteristics: 

Stilt houses are built on high wooden poles, usually 1 to 2 meters, which help keep the house airy and avoid moisture the ground. The roof is roofed with thatched leaves, thatched grass or tiles. The main materials for the construction of stilt houses are wood and bamboo, which are obtained primeval forests in the mountains. Stilt houses usually have 3 naves: the middle nave for ancestor worship, the pavilion is the family's living place, the right pavilion is the place for kitchen and cooking. The inside of the stilt house is decorated with brocade paintings, sticks, alums, flutes ... creating a cozy space and imbued with cultural identity.

                 

Cultural role: 

Stilt houses are inhabited by many generations in a family, demonstrating the spirit of solidarity and attachment of ethnic minorities. Many customs and practices of ethnic minorities are associated with stilt houses such as new rice offerings, ancestral worship ceremonies, festivals ... In the stilt house, daily activities such as cooking, eating, weaving brocade, embroidery ... creating a warm and gathering atmosphere.

 Upholding tradition:

 Today, stilt houses are not only a place to live but also an attractive tourist destination when coming to Ha Giang. Guests can experience the idyllic life of ethnic minorities by sleeping in stilt houses. Join ethnic minority festivals to learn about their culture and customs. Savor the specialties of the rocky highlands prepared and cooked in stilt houses. 

Conclude: 

Stilt houses are a unique cultural symbol of ethnic minorities in Ha Giang. Preserving and promoting the tradition of stilt houses is contributing to preserving the cultural identity of this rocky highland. 

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